U.S. Assistance to Israel 1949-2009: When is Enough enough?!

U.S. Assistance to Israel

(FY1949 – FY2009)

(millions of dollars)


 

                Export- Import Jewish Refugee Housing American Schools &   Cooperative  
    Military Economic Food for Peace Bank Resettlement Loan Hospitals Other Development Other
Year Total Loan Grant Loan Grant Loan Grant Loan Grant Guarantee Grant Loan Grant Grant
1949 100.0             100.0            
1950                            
1951 35.1       0.1     35.0            
1952 86.4       63.7   22.7              
1953 73.6       73.6   *              
1954 74.7       54.0   20.7              
1955 52.7     20.0 21.5 10.8 0.4              
1956 50.8     10.0 14.0 25.2 1.6              
1957 40.9     10.0 16.8 11.8 2.3              
1958 85.4     15.0 9.0 34.9 2.3 24.2            
1959 53.3 0.4   10.0 9.2 29.0 1.7 3.0            
1960 56.2 0.5   15.0 8.9 26.8 4.5 0.5            
1961 77.9 *   16.0 8.5 13.8 9.8 29.8            
1962 93.4 13.2   45.0 0.4 18.5 6.8 9.5            
1963 87.9 13.3   45.0   12.4 6.0 11.2            
1964 37.0     20.0   12.2 4.8              
1965 65.1 12.9   20.0   23.9 4.9 3.4            
1966 126.8 90.0   10.0   25.9 0.9              
1967 23.7 7.0   5.5     0.6 9.6     1.0      
1968 106.5 25.0       51.3 0.5 23.7     6.0      
1969 160.3 85.0       36.1 0.6 38.6            
1970 93.6 30.0       40.7 0.4 10.0     12.5      
1971 634.3 545.0       55.5 0.3 31.0     2.5      
1972 480.9 300.0     50.0 53.8 0.4 21.1   50.0 5.6      
1973 492.8 307.5     50.0 59.4 0.4 21.1 50.0   4.4      
1974 2,646.3 982.7 1,500.0   50.0   1.5 47.3 36.5 25.0 3.3      
1975 823.0 200.0 100.0   344.5 8.6   62.4 40.0 25.0 2.5     20.0***
1976 2,362.7 750.0 750.0 225.0 475.0 14.4 * 104.7 15.0 25.0 3.6      
TQ 292.5 100.0 100.0 25.0 50.0 3.6   12.6     1.3      
1977 1,787.5 500.0 500.0 245.0 490.0 7.0   0.9 15.0 25.0 4.6      
1978 1,822.6 500.0 500.0 260.0 525.0 6.8   5.4 20.0   5.4      
1979 4,913.0 2,700.0 1,300.0 260.0 525.0 5.1   68.7 25.0 25.0 4.2      
1980 2,146.0 500.0 500.0 260.0 525.0 1.0   305.9 25.0 25.0 4.1      
1981 2,413.4 900.0 500.0   764.0     217.4 25.0   2.0   5.0  
1982 2,268.0 850.0 550.0   806.0     6.5 12.5   3.0 17.5** 5.0  
1983 2,505.6 950.0 750.0   785.0       12.5   3.1   5.0  
1984 2,631.6 850.0 850.0   910.0       12.5   4.1   5.0  
1985 3,376.7   1,400.0   1,950.0       15.0   4.7   7.0  
1986 3,663.5   1,722.6   1,898.4     15.0 12.0   5.5   10.0  
1987 3,040.2   1,800.0   1,200.0       25.0   5.2   10.0  
1988 3,043.4   1,800.0   1,200.0       25.0   4.9   13.5  
1989 3,045.6   1,800.0   1,200.0       28.0   6.9   10.7  
1990 3,434.9   1,792.3   1,194.8       29.9 400.0 3.5   14.4  
1991 3,712.3   1,800.0   1,850.0       45.0   2.6   14.7  
1992 3,100.0   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0   3.5   16.5  
1993 3,103.4   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0   2.5   20.9  
1994 3,097.2   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0   2.7   14.5  
1995 3,102.4   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0   2.9   19.5  
1996 3,147.3   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0   3.3   14.0 50.0
1997 3,132.1   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0   2.1     50.0
1998 3,080.0   1,800.0   1,200.0       80.0          
1999 3,010.0   1,860.0   1,080.0       70.0          
2000 4,131.85   3,120.0#   949.1@       60.0   2.75      
2001 2,876.05   1,975.6   838.2       60.0   2.25      
2002 2,850.65   2,040.0   720.0       60.0   2.65     28.0+
2003 3,745.15   3,086.4   596.1       59.6   3.05      
2004 2,687.25   2,147.3   477.2       49.7   3.15     9.9
2005 2,612.15   2,202.2   357.0       50.0   2.95      
2006 2,534.5   2,257.0   237.0       40.0         0.5
2007 2,500.2   2,340.0   120.0       40.0   2.95     0.2
2008 2,423.9   2,380.0   0       40.0   3.90      
2009 2,550.0   2,550.0   0                  
                             
TOTAL 106,164.7 11,212.5 58,573.4 1,516.5 30,897.0 588.5 94.1 1,218.5 1,558.2 600.0 144.2 17.5 185.7 158.6

* = Less than $100,000

** = CCC Loan

*** = Desalt Plant

+Israel received an additional $28 million in counter terror funds in 2002.

# = Includes $1.92 billion in regular military assistance and $1.2 billion for implementation of the Wye Agreement. 

@ = ESF was earmarked for $960 millon for FY2000 but was reduced to meet the 0.38% recision.

## = Money for counterterrorism that must be spent in U.S.

^ = Congress voted to cut foreign aid across the board by 0.65%.

TQ = Transition Quarter, when U.S. fiscal year changed from June to September.

Loan guarantees are not considered foreign aid so the $7.9 billion in guarantees have been excluded from this table (see Loan Guarantees for Israel [table]). This table also excludes funding for certain other projects the CRS does not consider foreign aid, such as the $180 million for the research and development of the Arrow missile.


Sources: Clyde R. Mark, “Israel: U.S. Foreign Assistance,” Congressional Research Service, (July 12, 2004); U.S. State Department; USAID, Congressional Budget Justification for FY06 Foreign Operations, March 2005; Jeremy M. Sharp, “U.S. Foreign Aid to Israel,” (DC: Congressional Research Service, December 4, 2009)

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